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Genealogy

AD 890?-1311

Luxembourg
(Arlon, Berg, Durbuy, Ligny, Limburg, Longwy, Lorraine, Merheim, Monschau/Montjoie, Neuerburg, Rheineke, Salm, Verdun)

Historical notes on Luxembourg and Limburg, Genealogical data

For younger generations of ancestors who are descended from this family:
see page on Namur
see page on Werl
see page on Vianden
see page on Holland
see page on Alsace
see page on Flanders
see page on Brabant
see page on Jülich
see page on Saffenberg
see page on Avesnes

Historical notes on Luxembourg and Limburg

In medieval times the County of Luxembourg included the present-day Grand-Duchy of Luxembourg, the Belgian Province of Luxembourg, and the area around Thionville which is now part of France, as well as the area around Kronenburg and Bitburg which is now part of Germany. In 963 Sigefroid (Siegfried), Count in the Ardennes, built a castle where now the city of Luxembourg is. His dynasty also ruled over "Limburg", which became a separate fiefdom, but remained connected by family ties to Luxembourg for centuries.

Limburg, which took its name from a castle on the Vesdre, a small river in present-day Belgium, was a poor, thinly populated area to start with and its Counts and Dukes were never able to develop it into a significant regional power. Still, it was potentially an interesting asset to the neighbouring states because important river trading routes passed through its area, vulnerable to armed robberies by local knights who were acting on their own. When the last heiress, Irmgard of Limburg died in 1283, a war of succession broke out between Duke Jan I of Brabant, supported by Holland, Jülich, Cleves and the citizens of Cologne and Aix-la Chapelle /Aachen against Irmgard's husband Count Reinoud I of Gelre, who was supported by the Archbishop of Cologne, as well as by the Counts of Flanders and (of course) Luxembourg. In 1288 the battle of Woeringen decided the outcome: Duke Jan I was victorious, Count Henri VI of Luxembourg was killed, Count Reinoud I of Gelre was taken prisoner, and the Archbishop of Cologne forever lost his political influence in this region. It also was effectively the end of Limburg's political independence and it was simply added to Duke Jan's domain.

Much later, in 1815, after Napoleon had suffered his final defeat at Waterloo and the Kingdom of The Netherlands was created (which then also included Belgium) King Willem I (who was made Grand-Duke of Luxembourg) decided to revive the old name and created a province called Limburg. After Belgium gained independence from the Netherlands in 1831, Limburg's area was split up in a Dutch and a Belgian part. In 1839, after years of protest, Luxembourg was also split in two: the predominantly French speaking part of Luxembourg (around Arlon) was added to Belgium, the German-speaking part remained under King Willem.

Genealogical data

Children of
Unknown
and Unknown

(See 37, 36, 35, 34, 33, 32, 31, 30 generations back)

Ricwin (Ricoin), Count of Verdun
(150 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,0000013 %)
* ? x Cunegunde of France (920) + 923
According to the sources of Dave Pol, Ricwin was murdered in 923 by Boso, brother of King Raoul of France, at the suggestion (so he claimed) of Bishop Adalbert of Metz, who was a son of Cunegunde and her first husband Wigeric, see the page on Lorraine.

Children of
Ricwin (Ricoin), Count of Verdun (?-923)
and Cunigunde of France (893-923)

(See 36, 35, 34, 33, 32, 31, 30, 29 generations back)

Othon of Verdun, Duke of Lorraine
(52 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,00000062 %)
* 920? x Unknown + 944
For his descendants see below

Sigefroid (Siegfried), Count of Luxembourg
(98 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,0000020 %)
* 922 x I. Hedwig of Hungary ? II. Hedwige of the Nordgau (950?) + 15-8-998
For his descendants by Hedwige of the Nordgau see below
Sigefroid and Hedwige of the Nordgau were half-cousins, related in the third degree through their common (grand-)mother Cunegonde of France. They may have been the parents of Judith (Jutta) who married Adalbert I of Alsace, of Lorraine, of Metz, Count of Bouzonville (her cousin?)

Children of
Othon of Verdun, Duke of Lorraine (920?-944)
and Unknown

(See 35, 33, 32, 31, 30, 29 generations back)

Ermengarde of Verdun (of Lorraine)
(52 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,0000012 %)
* 942 x Robert I, Count in the Lommengouw + ?
For her descendants see the page on the Counts of Namur

Children of
Sigefroid (Siegfried), Count of Luxembourg (916/922-998)
and Hedwige of the Nordgau (935/937-992)

(See 35, 34, 33, 32, 31, 29, 28 generations back)

Henri I, Count of Luxembourg
* ? + 1026
Henri succeeded his father as Count of Luxembourg in 998. He left no heirs, and after his death in 1026, he was succeeded by his younger brother Frédéric.

Gilbert (Giselbert) I of Luxembourg, of Longwy
(15 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,00000031 %)
* 950? x Unknown + 1004
For his descendants see below

Liutgarde of Luxembourg
(16 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,00000051 %)
* 953? x Arnulf "of Ghent", "of Westfriesland", "Count in Holland" (between ?-5-980 and ?-8-980) + ? (after 1005)
For her descendants see the page on the Counts of Holland

Frédéric I, Count of Luxembourg
(42 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,0000021 %)
* 958 x Irmintrud of Gleiberg (990) + 6-10-1019
For his descendants see below

Judith (Jutta) (of Luxembourg?)
(25 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,0000012 % ?)
* 960? x Adalbert I of Alsace, of Lorraine, Count of the Saargau, Count of Metz, Count of Bouzonville ? + 1022?
There is confusing information in the various sources on Adalbert's wife Judith. If indeed she was a daughter of Sigefroid of Luxembourg and Hedwige of the Nordgau, Judith and Adalbert were first cousins. According to other sources, Adalbert's wife was Judith of Schwaben, or even yet another Judith: of Öhningen. All of these Judiths seem to have been born around 960. I will try to find out using more sources how these people fit together. All sources that I have found so far do agree that Albert (Adalbert) and "Judith" were the parents of Gérard I, Count of Bouzonville, Count of Metz and Duke of Lorraine, who married Gisèle (of Metz), see the page on Alsace

Children of
Gilbert (Giselbert) I of Luxembourg, of Longwy (950?-1004)
and Unknown

(See 33, 32, 31, 30 generations back)

Conrad of Arlon
(15 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,00000062 %)
* 985? x Unknown + 1032
For his descendants see below

Children of
Frédéric I, Count of Luxembourg (958-1019)
and Irmintrud of Gleiberg (964/970-1024)

(See 32, 31, 30, 29, 28, 27 generations back)

Henri II, Count of Luxembourg
* ? + 1047

Otgiva of Luxembourg
(8 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,00000058 %)
* 985/990 x Boudewijn IV, Count of Flanders + 21-2-1030
For her descendants see the page on the Counts of Flanders

Gisela of Luxembourg
* ? x Radulf of Aalst (of Ghent) + 21-5-? (after 1056)

Irmtrud of Luxembourg
* 1000 x Welf III of Altorf + 10-3-1030

Frédéric II, Count of Luxembourg, Duke of Lower-Lorraine
(15 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,00000062 %)
* 1003 x Gerberga of Boulogne + 18-5-1065
Frédéric II was made Duke of Lower-Lorraine after his predecessor Gothelo II "The Sluggard" had been deposed for incompetence in 1046. After Frédéric's death, Lower-Lorraine was given to Gothelo's brother Godefroid II "The Bearded" of Lorraine.
For Frédéric's descendants see below

Gilbert (Giselbert) II, Count of Luxembourg
(19 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,0000030 %)
* 1007 x Unknown + 14-8-1057
Gilbert became Count of Luxembourg in 1047 after his elder brother Frédéric had been appointed Duke of Lower-Lorraine. For Gilbert's descendants see below

Child of
Conrad of Arlon (985?-1004)
and Unknown

(See 32, 31, 30, 29 generations back)

Walram I, Count of Limburg and Arlon
(15 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,0000012 %)
* 1010? x Adèle of Upper-Lorraine + 1052 ?
The area around Limburg castle on the river Vesdre / Weser originally belonged to the County of Liège / Luik. When Count Frédéric II became Duke of Lower-Lorraine in 1046 he gave Walram I who was Count of Arlon (near Luxembourg) the title of Count of Limburg as well. Walram I was related to the Duke in the 5th degree, and he was the father of Walram II, who married the Duke's daughter Jutta.
For his descendants see below

Child of
Frédéric II, Count of Luxembourg, Duke of Lower-Lorraine (1005-1065)
and Gerberga of Boulogne (?-after 1059)

(See 31, 30, 29, 28 generations back)

Jutta of Luxembourg
(7 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,0000014 %)
* ? x Walram II, Count of Limburg and Arlon + ? (after 21-8-1057)
Jutta and her husband were related in the 7th degree through their common (second) great grandparents Siegfried of Luxembourg and Hedwige of the Nordgau, see above. For her descendants see below

Child of
Walram I, Count of Limburg and Arlon (1010?-1052)
and Adèle of Upper-Lorraine (1010?-?)

(See 31, 30, 29, 28 generations back)

Walram II, Count of Limburg and Arlon
(15 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,0000025 %)
* 1030? x Jutta (Judith) of Luxembourg + 1082?
Walram and his wife were related in the 7th degree through their common (second) great grandparents Siegfried of Luxembourg and Hedwige of the Nordgau, see above.
For his descendants see below

Children of
Gilbert (Giselbert) II of Luxembourg (1007-1057)
and Unknown

(See 32, 31, 30, 29, 28, 26 generations back)

Conrad I, Count of Luxembourg
(12 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,0000033 %)
* 1030 x Clémence of Poitou (of Longwy, of Bouzonville, of Aquitaine) (1075) + 8-8-1088
Conrad succeeded his father as Count of Luxembourg in 1057. For his descendants see below

Hermann I, Count of Salm, rival "King of Germany" and Emperor
(7 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,0000028 %)
* 1035 x Sophia of Rheineke + 28-9-1088
In 1081, Hermann succeeded Rudolf of Schwaben as the new rival to Emperor Heinrich IV, who had been excommunicated by Pope Gregorius VII because of their great conflict over who had the right to appoint local bishops. Hermann was not able to play a significant role because Heinrich had already reestablished his authority.

Children of
Hermann I, Count of Salm (1035-1088)
and Sophia of Rheineke (1035-1059)

(See 28, 27, 26 generations back)

Hermann II, Count of Salm
(4 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,0000034 %)
* 1057? x Agnès of Montbéliard (of Bar) + 20-2-1136

Otto II of Rheineke
(3 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,0000022 %)
* 1059 x Gertrude of Northeim (1115) + ?
For his descendants see below

Children of
Hermann II, Count of Salm (1057?-1136)
and Agnès of Montbéliard (of Bar) (1095-after 1147)

(See 27, 26, 25 generations back)

Hermann III, Count of Salm
(2 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,0000022 %)
* ? x Mathilde of Parroye (1130) + ?

Heinrich I of Salm
(2 times our ancestor, blood-relationship ... %)
* 1105? x Hadewide of Lützelburg + 1163
For his descendants see below

Child of
Hermann III, Count of Salm (?-1136)
and Mathilde of Parroye (?-?)

(See 26, 25 generations back)

Elisabeth of Salm
(2 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,0000045 %)
* ? x Friedrich II, Count of Vianden + ? (after 1200)
For her descendants see the page on Vianden

Child of
Heinrich I, Count of Salm (1105?-1163)
and Hadewide of Lützelburg (?-?)

(See 25, 24 generations back)

Heinrich II of Salm
* 1160? x Judith of Upper-Lorraine (1189?) + 1204

Mechtild of Neuerburg
(2 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,0000089 %)
* 1160? x Friedrich III, Count of Vianden + 1200
For her descendants see the page on Vianden

Children of
Otto II of Rheineke (1059-?)
and Gertrude of Northeim (1059-?)

(See 26 generations back)

Sophia of Rheineke
(3 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,0000045 %)
* 1115? x Dirk VI, Count of Holland (before 1135) + 26-9-1176 (Jerusalem)
For her descendants see the page on Holland

Hedwig of Rheineke
* 1020 x Hugues d'Enghien + ?

Otto "The Younger" of Rheineke
* ? + 1148

Beatrix of Rheineke
* ? x Wulbrand I of Loccum (before 1140) + ?

Children of
Conrad I, Count of Luxembourg (1030-1088)
and Clémence of Poitou (of Longwy, of Bouzonville, of Aquitaine) (1045-1085)

(See 27, 25 generations back)

Henri III, Count of Luxembourg
* ? + 1096
Henri succeeded his father as Count of Luxembourg in 1088.

Guillaume I, Count of Luxembourg
* 1081 x Luitgarde/Mathilde of Northeim (1105) + 23-1-1130
Guillaume succeeded his brother Henri as Count of Luxembourg in 1096. For his wife's family see the page on Northeim

Ermesinde I of Luxembourg
(10 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,0000032 %)
* 1082 x I. Adalbert of the Nordgau, of Dagsburg (1096?) II. Godefroi I, Count of Namur (1109) + 24-6-1143
Ermesinde became the heiress to Luxembourg after the death of her nephew Conrad II, the son of her brother Guillaume I. She transferred the title to her own son from her second marriage, Henri "The Blind" of Namur.
For her descendants by her first husband Adalbert see the page on Alsace
For her descendants by her second husband Godefroi I see the page on Namur

Children of
Walram II, Count of Limburg and Arlon (1030?-1082?)
and Jutta (Judith) of Luxembourg (?-?)

(See 30, 29, 28, 27 generations back)

Henri I, Count of Limburg and Arlon, Duke of Lower-Lorraine
(15 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,0000050 %)
* 1055? x Adelheid of Botenstein + 1119?
In 1101 Henri was made Duke of Lower-Lorraine by Emperor Heinrich IV. By then it had become just a ceremonial title. In 1106, the title was officially taken away again by Heinrich V and given instead to Godfried, the Count of Leuven who from then on called himself "Duke of Brabant". This did however not stop Count Henri continuing to use the (now even more meaningless) title of Duke.

Conrad I, Count of Merheim
* 1055? + ?

Children of
Henri I, Count of Limburg and Arlon, Duke of Lower-Lorraine (1055?-1119?)
and Adelheid of Botenstein (?-?)

(See 29, 28, 27, 26 generations back)

Walram III, Duke of Lower-Lorraine (Limburg)
(7 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,0000045 %)
* 1085? x Jutta of Gelre (1110) + 16-7-1139
In 1128, King Lotharius of Germany deposed Godfried I, Count of Leuven as Duke and Walram III was made Duke instead. Godfried managed however to hold on to his possessions, and after Walram III had died in 1139, Godfried I's son Godfried II was officially made Duke of Lower-Lorraine by Emperor Conrad III. This did not deter Walram III's son Henri II from calling himself Duke, like Henri I had done after he had been deposed.

Adelheid (Aleydis) of Limburg
(5 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,0000033 %)
* 1090? x Friedrich I, Count of Werl-Arnsberg + 1146
For her descendants see the page on Werl

Mathilde of Limburg
(3 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,0000022 %)
* 1095? x Henri de la Roche + ?
For her descendants see the page on the Counts of Namur.

Child of
Walram III, Duke of Lower-Lorraine (Limburg) (1085?-1139)
and Jutta of Gelre (1087?-1151)

(See 28, 26, 25 generations back)

Henri II of Arlon, "Duke of Limburg"
(7 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,0000090 %)
* 1112 x I. Mathilde of Saffenberg (1136) II. Laurette of Upper-Lorraine (1150) + ?-8-1167 (Rome)
Henri's second wife, Laurette of Upper-Lorraine was married to three husbands successively (who were all called Henri/Hendrik): Henri II of Arlon, "Duke" of Limburg (1150); Henri IV "The Blind" of Namur (1154); and Hendrik II of Wassenberg (1163). Laurette is also our ancestor through her last marriage.

Children of
Henri II of Arlon, "Duke of Limburg" (1112-1167)
and Mathilde of Saffenberg (?-1145)

(See 27, 25, 24 generations back)

Margaretha of Limburg
(4 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,0000082 %)
* 1138? x Godfried III, Duke of Lower-Lorraine, Count of Leuven (1155) + 1172?
For her descendants see the page on the Dukes of Brabant

Henri III, "Duke of Limburg"
(3 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,0000097 %)
* 1140? x Sophia of Saarbrücken + 21-6-1226 (Klosterrath)

Children of
Henri III, "Duke of Limburg" (1140?-1226)
and Sophia of Saarbrücken (1150?-after 1214)

(See 26, 24, 23 generations back)

Walram IV, "Duke of Limburg", Count of Luxembourg
(3 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,000019 %)
* 1180 x I. Kunigunde Upper-Lorraine (of Monschau) II. Ermesinde II of Namur, of Luxembourg (1214) + ?-5-1226 (Rolduc)
Walram's wife Ermesinde II had been married before, in 1197, to Thibaut (Diebold) I, Count of Bar-Mousson. Being the sole heir to Luxembourg, Ermesinde's title was transferred to her husband Walram IV.
For Walram's descendants by Kunigunde, his first wife see below
For Walram's descendants by Ermesinde, his second wife wife see below

Isalda of Limburg
* ? x Dietrich I of Heinsberg-Valkenburg (of Cleves) + ? (before 1221)
For the family of her husband see the page on Kleve (Cleves)

Children of
Walram IV, "Duke of Limburg", Count of Luxembourg (1180-1226)
and Kunigunde of Upper-Lorraine (of Monschau) (1175-1214)

(See 25, 23 generations back)

Mathilde of Limburg
(1 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,0000029 %)
* 1190? x Wilhelm III, Count of Jülich + ? (after 1234)
For her descendants see the page on Jülich

Heinrich IV of Monschau (of Limburg)
(1 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,000012 %)
* 1195? x Irmingard of Berg (1217) + 25-2-1247
For his descendants see below

Children of
Walram IV, "Duke of Limburg", Count of Luxembourg (1180-1226)
and Ermesinde II of Namur (of Luxembourg) (1186-1247)

(See 22 generations back)

Henri V "Le Blond", Count of Luxembourg
(1 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,000024 %)
* 1217 x Margaretha of Bar + 24-12-1281
For his descendants see below

Gérard of Durbuy
* ? + 1276

Child of
Heinrich IV of Monschau (of Limburg) (1195?-1247)
and Irmingard of Berg (1200?-1248)

(See 22 generations back)

Adolf VI of Berg (of Limburg)
(1 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,000024 %)
* 1220 x Margaretha of Hochstaden (1240) + 22-4-1259

Children of
Adolf VI of Berg (1220?-1257)
and Margaretha of Ahr-Hochstaden (1210?-1259)

(See 21 generations back)

Hendrik of Berg
* ? x Agnes van der Marck + ? (between 1290 and 1295)
For the family of Hendrik's wife Agnes see the page on Saffenberg

Irmingard of Berg (of Limburg)
(1 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,000048 %)
* 1255? x Eberhard I van der Marck (12-1-1273) + 24-3-1294
For her descendants see the page on Saffenberg

Children of
Henri V "Le Blond", Count of Luxembourg (1217-1281)
and Margaretha of Bar (1220?-1275)

(See 21 generations back)

Henri VI, Count of Luxembourg
* ? x Béatrix of Avesnes, of Beaumont + 1288
Count Henri VI lost his life in the battle of Woeringen in 1288, see the page on Van der Dussen. For the family of his wife Béatrix see the page on Avesnes

Philipine of Luxembourg
(1 times our ancestor, blood-relationship 0,000048 %)
* 1252 (Luxembourg) x Jan II of Avesnes, Count of Holland and Hainaut (1270) + 6-4-1311 (Valenciennes)
For their descendants see the page on the Avesnes family.

Isabella of Luxembourg
* ? x Gwijde III of Dampierre, Count of Flanders + ?-9-1298
It is remarkable that Isabella became the sister-in law of Jan II of Avesnes, one of her husband's greatest enemies.

Walram of Ligny
* ? + 1288

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